conversions of the indigenous people, mainly, from African Traditional Religion (ATR) to the two mission religions. African Traditional Religion (ATR) or African Religion in this paper gave meaning and a sense of purpose to all aspects of thought and action (cf. ditional religion or African traditional religions (Mbiti 1969, 1–2; Idowu 1973, 103; Booth 1977, 3; Ikenga-Metu 1987, 19; Alolo 2007; Ejizu n.d). made mention of the various ceremonies which accompany puberty and its significance in African traditional religion. The religious beliefs, practices and the provision of social services of these immigrant religions have impacted on the religious and cultural life of the traditional communities. Characteristics of the African Traditional Religion The African Traditional Religion was the African culture or the African way of life. The term “Primal” is used to refer to religions which were there prior to the so-called “universal” religions such as Christianity, Islam, etc. KEY WORDS: pregnancy, birth rites, naming rites, puberty rites, ritual . The characteristics of African traditional religions are: 1 There is no specific day for worship. ISSN: 2411-5681 www.ijern.com 42 1.0 PREGNANCY RITES: In my area Ika North East L.G.A of Delta State, a lot of rituals precede birth and immediately after birth. As indicated above Africa is a vast continent; as a result one runs the risk of generalization. Mugambi, 1995). J.S. It is that uniformity that we are going to explore in this survey. Yet there is a common thread that runs in indigenous values and experiences that show a kind of uniformity. Africans believed in the creator, called “Ruhanga” among the anyoro who was considered to be the creator of all things in the universe. (Turner 1994a:129). This is what made scholars such as Mbiti (1969,p.1), Parrinder (1954,p.9) and Mugambi (1995) conclude that Africans are notoriously, incurably and reputably religious respectively. The Main Characteristics of African Traditional Religion. religion reveal have a number of the basic features of all religions (Burnett 1995:57).

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